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Convergent (il)liberalism in the Mediterranean? Egypt and Italy compared

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by Andrea Mura
ECIA Fellow
European Urban and Regional Studies

With Andrea Teti

The paper explores the hypothesis of a convergence between ‘backsliding’ European liberal democracies and the ‘pseudo-liberalization’ of Middle Eastern authoritarian systems by considering the similarities, beyond the well-known differences, between Italy and Egypt. Teti and Mura suggest that standard indicators of regime type (e.g. Polity IV Authority Index) fail to capture important trends both in the evolution of both the forms of political power and the forms of resistance. Reflecting on such trends may help re-think the current limitations of Democratization theory, a crucial step during this phase of economic and political transition for both the North and South Mediterranean. Go to the article